Searching for evidence in the living laboratory

A keynote lecture given at the International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, 9 April 2014

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Further information

References (in order of citation)

SETTING THE SCENE

Das P, Horton R. Rethinking our approach to physical activity. Lancet 2012; 380: 189-190. [PubMed]

Pratt M, Sarmiento O, Montes F, Ogilvie D, Marcus B, Perez L, Brownson R, for the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. The implications of megatrends in information and communication technology and transportation for changing global physical activity. Lancet 2012; 380: 282–293. [PubMed]

Illich I. Energy and equity. New York: Harper and Row, 1974. [Full text]

Marmot M, Wilkinson R, editors. Social determinants of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

DEFINING THE PROBLEM

Hallal P, Andersen L, Bull F, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls and prospects. Lancet 2012; 380: 247-257. [PubMed]

Global Advocacy for Physical Activity [www.globalpa.org.uk]

Allender S, Cavill N, Parker M, Foster C. ‘Tell us something we don’t already know or do!’ The response of planning and transport professionals to public health guidance on the built environment and physical activity. J Public Health Policy 2009; 30: 102-116. [PubMed]

Pucher J, Dill J, Handy S. Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: An international review. Prev Med 2010; 50: S106-125. [PubMed]

Hume D. An enquiry concerning human understanding (1748). New York: Bartleby, 2001. [Full text]

Macintyre S, Petticrew M. Good intentions and received wisdom are not enough. J Epidemiol Community Health 2000; 54: 802-803. [PubMed]

Ogilvie D, Craig P, Griffin S, Macintyre S, Wareham N. A translational framework for public health research. BMC Public Health 2009; 9: 116. [PubMed]

Bauman A, Reis R, Sallis J, Wells J, Loos R, Martin B, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? Lancet 2012; 380: 258-271. [PubMed]

MAPPING THE TERRAIN

Rees J. Two cultures? J Am Acad Dermatol 2002; 46: 313–16. [PubMed]

Ogilvie D, Egan M, Hamilton V, Petticrew M. Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: systematic review. BMJ 2004; 329: 763-766. [PubMed]

Ogilvie D, Foster C, Rothnie H, Cavill N, Hamilton V, Fitzsimons C, Mutrie N, on behalf of the Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration (SPARColl). Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. BMJ 2007; 334: 1204-1207. [PubMed]

Yang L, Sahlqvist S, McMinn A, Griffin S, Ogilvie D. Interventions to promote cycling: systematic review. BMJ 2010; 341: c5293. [PubMed]

Petticrew M, Roberts H. Systematic reviews in the social sciences: a practical guide. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Ogilvie D, Egan M, Hamilton V, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health effects of social interventions: 2. Best available evidence: how low should you go? J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59: 886-892. [PubMed]

Montgomery C. Happy city: transforming our lives through urban design. London: Penguin, 2013.

Craig P, Cooper C, Gunnell D, Haw S, Lawson K, Macintyre S, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Reeves B, Sutton M, Thompson S. Using natural experiments to evaluate population health interventions: guidance for producers and users of evidence. London: Medical Research Council, 2011. [Full text]

Craig P, Cooper C, Gunnell D, Haw S, Lawson K, Macintyre S, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Reeves B, Sutton M, Thompson S. Using natural experiments to evaluate population health interventions: new MRC guidance. J Epidemiol Community Health 2012; 66: 1182-1186. [PubMed]

Hallal P, Bauman A, Heath G, Kohl H, Lee I-M, Pratt M. Physical activity: more of the same is not enough. Lancet 2012; 380: 190-191. [PubMed]

Roosevelt T. Citizenship in a republic. Paris, 23 April 1910. [Full text]

ENTERING THE ARENA

Victora C, Habicht J, Bryce J. Evidence-based public health: moving beyond randomized trials. Am J Public Health 2004; 94: 400-405. [PubMed]

Goodman A, Panter J, Sharp S, Ogilvie D. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: a longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study. Soc Sci Med 2013; 97: 228–237. [PubMed]

Conan Doyle A. The copper beeches. London: Strand Magazine, 1892. [Full text]

The iConnect study [Read more…]

Connect2 Kenilworth [Video clip]

Ogilvie D, Bull F, Cooper A, Rutter H, Adams E, Brand C, Ghali K, Jones T, Mutrie N, Powell J, Preston J, Sahlqvist S, Song Y, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Evaluating the travel, physical activity and carbon impacts of a ‘natural experiment’ in the provision of new walking and cycling infrastructure: methods for the core module of the iConnect study. BMJ Open 2012; 2: e000694. [PubMed]

Goodman A, Sahlqvist S, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study. Prev Med 2013; 57: 518–524. [PubMed]

Sahlqvist S, Goodman A, Cooper A, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults: longitudinal findings from the iConnect study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2013; 10: 28. [PubMed]

The Commuting and Health in Cambridge study [Read more…]

Guell C, Panter J, Jones N, Ogilvie D. Towards a differentiated understanding of active travel behaviour: using social theory to explore everyday commuting. Soc Sci Med 2012; 75: 233-239. [PubMed]

Jones C, Ogilvie D. Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocation. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2012; 9: 109. [PubMed]

Panter J, Desousa C, Ogilvie D. Incorporating walking or cycling into car journeys to and from work: the role of individual, workplace and environmental characteristics. Prev Med 2013; 56: 211-217. [PubMed]

Panter J, Griffin S, Dalton A, Ogilvie D. Patterns and predictors of changes in active commuting over 12 months. Prev Med 2013; 57: 776–784. [PubMed]

Sahlqvist S, Jones T, Song Y, Goodman A, Bull F, Powell J, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Evaluating new infrastructure for walking and cycling: understanding the how and the why. International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Ghent, 24 May 2013. [Abstract]

Panter J, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Understanding the effects of new infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: a path analysis of environmental and psychosocial mechanisms. International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, 9 April 2014. [Abstract]

Goodman A, Sahlqvist S, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Do new walking and cycling routes increase physical activity?  One- and two-year findings from the UK iConnect study. Am J Public Health, in press.
 
Panter J, Ogilvie D, on behalf of the iConnect consortium. Patterns and distribution of changes in walking in response to an environmental intervention: latent growth curve and latent class analysis. International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, 9 April 2014. [Abstract]
 
THE ROAD AHEAD
 

The M74 study [Read more…]

Ogilvie D, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Petticrew M, Platt S. Shoe leather epidemiology: active travel and transport infrastructure in the urban landscape. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2010; 7: 43. [PubMed]

Kohl H, Craig C, Lambert E, Inoue S, Alkandari J, Leetongin G, Kahlmeier S, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health. Lancet 2012;  380: 294-305. [PubMed]