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Physical activity and the environment: conceptual review and framework for intervention research.

Panter J, Guell C, Prins R, Ogilvie D. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 Nov 15;14(1):156. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0610-z. Review. Lay Summary Changing the environment is one way to promote physical activity, but evidence on the effectiveness of interventions is mixed. Different theories and conceptual issues may contribute to these inconsistencies. We conducted a systematic […]

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Associations of active commuting with body fat and visceral adipose tissue: A cross-sectional population based study in the UK

Mytton OT, Ogilvie D, Griffin S, Brage S, Wareham N, Panter J Prev Med. 2017 Oct 10. pii: S0091-7435(17)30367-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.10.017. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract The promotion of active travel (walking and cycling) is one promising approach to prevent the development of obesity and related cardio-metabolic disease. However the associations between active travel and […]

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Population levels of, and inequalities in, active travel: A national, cross-sectional study of adults in Scotland.

Olsen JR, Mitchell R, Mutrie N, Foley L, Ogilvie D; M74 study. Prev Med Rep. 2017 Sep 28;8:129-134. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.09.008. eCollection 2017 Dec Abstract This study aimed to describe active travel (walking or cycling) in Scotland and explore potential demographic, geographic, and socio-economic inequalities in active travel. We extracted data for the period 2012-13 (39,585 […]

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Effect of a new motorway on social-spatial patterning of road traffic accidents: A retrospective longitudinal natural experimental study

Olsen JR, Mitchell R, Ogilvie D; M74 study team. PLoS One. 2017 Sep 7;12(9):e0184047. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184047. eCollection 2017. Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation reports that road traffic accidents (accidents) could become the seventh leading cause of death globally by 2030. Accidents often occur in spatial clusters and, generally, there are more accidents in less […]

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The TIPPME intervention typology for changing environments to change behaviour

Gareth J. Hollands, Giacomo Bignardi, Marie Johnston, Michael P. Kelly, David Ogilvie, Mark Petticrew, Andrew Prestwich, Ian Shemilt, Stephen Sutton & Theresa M. Marteau Nature Human Behaviour 1, Article number: 0140 (2017) doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0140 Abstract Reflecting widespread interest in concepts of ‘nudging’ and ‘choice architecture’, there is increasing research and policy attention on altering aspects of […]

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Effects of living near an urban motorway on the wellbeing of local residents in deprived areas: Natural experimental study.

Louise Foley, Richard Prins, Fiona Crawford, David Humphreys, Richard Mitchell, Shannon Sahlqvist, Hilary Thomson and David Ogilvie, on behalf of the M74 study team PLoS One. 2017 Apr 5;12(4):e0174882. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174882. eCollection 2017. Lay summary What were we trying to find out? A new five-mile section of the M74 motorway was opened in Glasgow in […]

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Can environmental improvement change the population distribution of walking?

Panter J, Ogilvie D; iConnect consortium J Epidemiol Community Health. 2017 Mar 7. pii: jech-2016-208417. doi: 10.1136/jech-2016-208417 Abstract Background: Few studies have explored the impact of environmental change on walking using controlled comparisons. Even fewer have examined whose behaviour changes and how. In a natural experimental study of new walking and cycling infrastructure, we explored […]

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The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease

Mytton OT, Tainio M, Ogilvie D, Panter J, Cobiac L, Woodcock J. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0235-1. Abstract Physical activity can affect ‘need’ for healthcare both by reducing the incidence rate of some diseases and by increasing longevity (increasing the time lived at older ages when disease incidence is higher). However, it […]

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Negotiating multisectoral evidence: a qualitative study of knowledge exchange at the intersection of transport and public health.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Jan 5;17(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3940-x. Guell C, Mackett R, Ogilvie D. Abstract Background: For the prevention and control of chronic diseases, two strategies are frequently highlighted: that public health should be evidence based, and that it should develop a multisectoral approach. At the end of a natural experimental study of the health […]

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Effects of living near a new urban motorway on the travel behaviour of local residents in deprived areas: Evidence from a natural experimental study.

Health Place. 2016 Nov 26;43:57-65. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.11.008 Foley L, Prins R, Crawford F, Sahlqvist S, Ogilvie D; M74 study team Abstract We evaluated the effects of a new motorway built through deprived neighbourhoods on travel behaviour in residents. This natural experiment comprised a longitudinal cohort (n=365) and two cross-sectional samples (baseline n=980; follow-up n=978) recruited […]

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