Archive | JW RSS feed for this section

Health and greenhouse gas mitigation benefits of ambitious expansion of cycling, walking, and transit in California

Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J Linesch, James Woodcock Journal of Transport & Health, doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.04.011 Abstract The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Health and greenhouse gas mitigation benefits of ambitious expansion of cycling, walking, and transit in California

The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease

Mytton OT, Tainio M, Ogilvie D, Panter J, Cobiac L, Woodcock J. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0235-1. Abstract Physical activity can affect ‘need’ for healthcare both by reducing the incidence rate of some diseases and by increasing longevity (increasing the time lived at older ages when disease incidence is higher). However, it […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease

Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study

Marko Tainio, Pablo Monsivais, Nicholas RV Jones, Christian Brand, James Woodcock BMJ Open 2017;7:e014199. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014199 Abstract Objective To quantify changes in mortality, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and consumer costs for physical activity and diet scenarios. Design For the physical activity scenarios, all car trips from Setting Working age population for England. Participants Data from […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study

Physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Smith AD, Crippa A, Woodcock J, Brage S Diabetologia. 2016 Dec;59(12):2527-2545. Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Inverse associations between physical activity (PA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus are well known. However, the shape of the dose-response relationship is still uncertain. This review synthesises results from longitudinal studies in general populations and uses non-linear models of the association between […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Cycling in São Paulo, Brazil (1997 – 2012): correlates, time trends and health consequences

Thiago Hérick de Sá, Ana Clara Duran, Marko Tainio, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, James Woodcock Prev Med Rep. 2016 Oct 13;4:540-545. eCollection 2016. Abstract The purpose of the study was to describe cyclists and cycling trips, and to explore correlates, time trends and health consequences of cycling in São Paulo, Brazil from 1997 to 2012. Cross-sectional […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Cycling in São Paulo, Brazil (1997 – 2012): correlates, time trends and health consequences

Cycling provision separated from motor traffic: a systematic review exploring whether stated preferences vary by gender

Rachel Aldred, Bridget Elliott, James Woodcock and Anna Goodman Journal Transport Reviews  Volume 37, 2017 – Issue 1 Abstract In this paper, we represent a systematic review of stated preference studies examining the extent to which cycle infrastructure preferences vary by gender and by age. A search of online, English-language academic and policy literature was […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Cycling provision separated from motor traffic: a systematic review exploring whether stated preferences vary by gender

Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?

Marko Tainio, Audrey J de Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J Nieuwenhuijs , Thiago Hérick de Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock Prev Med. 2016 May 3. pii: S0091-7435(16)00040-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.002. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for the health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?

Trends in local newspaper reporting of London cyclist fatalities 1992-2012: the role of the media in shaping the systems dynamics of cycling.

Alex Macmillan, Alex Roberts, James Woodcock, Rachel Aldred, Anna Goodman Accid Anal Prev. 2015 Nov 6;86:137-145. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.10.016. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract Background Successfully increasing cycling across a broad range of the population would confer important health benefits, but many potential cyclists are deterred by fears about traffic danger. Media coverage of road traffic […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Trends in local newspaper reporting of London cyclist fatalities 1992-2012: the role of the media in shaping the systems dynamics of cycling.

Reframing safety: An analysis of perceptions of cycle safety clothing

Rachel Aldred, James Woodcock Transport Policy  Volume 42, August 2015, Pages 103–112 Abstract This article contributes to debates around cycle safety clothing, specifically helmets and high-visibility clothing. In England such items are widely promoted in safety campaigns and in broader cycling publicity, particularly for children. However, the impact of this approach on cycling safety and […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Reframing safety: An analysis of perceptions of cycle safety clothing

Contrasts in active transport behaviour across four countries: How do they translate into public health benefits?

Götschi T, Tainio M, Maizlish N, Schwanen T, Goodman A, Woodcock J Prev Med. 2015 May;74:42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.02.009 Abstract Objective: Countries and regions vary substantially in transport related physical activity that people gain from walking and cycling and in how this varies by age and gender. This study aims to quantify the population health impacts […]

Continue Reading Comments Off on Contrasts in active transport behaviour across four countries: How do they translate into public health benefits?