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Estimating city-level travel patterns using street imagery: A case study of using Google Street View in Britain

Goel R, Garcia LMT, Goodman A, Johnson R, Aldred R, Murugesan M, Brage S, Bhalla K, Woodcock J. PLoS One. 2018 May 2;13(5):e0196521. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196521. eCollection 2018. Abstract BACKGROUND: Street imagery is a promising and growing big data source providing current and historical images in more than 100 countries. Studies have reported using this data […]

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Sedentary behaviour and risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, and incident type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose response meta-analysis.

Patterson R, McNamara E, Tainio M, de Sá TH, Smith AD, Sharp SJ, Edwards P, Woodcock J, Brage S, Wijndaele K. Eur J Epidemiol. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s10654-018-0380-1. Abstract PURPOSE: To estimate the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between sedentary behaviour and all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality, and incident type 2 […]

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The current and potential health benefits of the National Health Service Health Check cardiovascular disease prevention programme in England: A microsimulation study.

Mytton OT, Jackson C, Steinacher A, Goodman A, Langenberg C, Griffin S, Wareham N, Woodcock J. PLoS Med. 2018 Mar 6;15(3):e1002517. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002517. eCollection 2018 Mar. Abstract BACKGROUND: The National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme was introduced in 2009 in England to systematically assess all adults in midlife for cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, […]

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Contextualising Safety in Numbers: a longitudinal investigation into change in cycling safety in Britain, 1991-2001 and 2001-2011.

Aldred R, Goel R, Woodcock J, Goodman A. Inj Prev. 2017 Nov 30. pii: injuryprev-2017-042498. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042498. Abstract Introduction The ‘Safety in Numbers’ (SiN) phenomenon refers to a decline of injury risk per time or distance exposed as use of a mode increases. It has been demonstrated for cycling using cross-sectional data, but little evidence […]

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Barriers to Investing in Cycling: stakeholder views from England

Rachel Aldred, Tom Watson, Robin Lovelace, James Woodcock Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2017.11.003 Abstract Background: Planners and politicians in many countries seek to increase the proportion of trips made by cycling. However, this is often challenging. In England, a national target to double cycling by 2025 is likely to be missed: between 2001 […]

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A shift from motorised travel to active transport: What are the potential health gains for an Australian city?

Zapata-Diomedi B, Knibbs LD, Ware RS, Heesch KC, Tainio M, Woodcock J, Veerman JL PLoS One. 2017 Oct 11;12(10):e0184799. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184799 Abstract INTRODUCTION: An alarmingly high proportion of the Australian adult population does not meet national physical activity guidelines (57%). This is concerning because physical inactivity is a risk factor for several chronic diseases. In recent […]

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Understanding bicycling in cities using system dynamics modelling

Alexandra Macmillan, James Woodcock Journal of Transport & Health, Available online 26 August 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.08.002 Abstract Background Increasing urban bicycling has established net benefits for human and environmental health. Questions remain about which policies are needed and in what order, to achieve an increase in cycling while avoiding negative consequences. Novel ways of considering […]

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Health impact modelling of different travel patterns on physical activity, air pollution and road injuries for São Paulo, Brazil.

Thiago Hérick de Sá, Marko Tainio, Anna Goodman, Phil Edwards, Andy Haines, Nelson Gouveia, Carlos Monteiro, James Woodcock Environ Int. 2017 Aug 3;108:22-31. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2017.07.009 Abstract BACKGROUND: São Paulo city, Brazil, faces challenges caused by rapid urbanization. We illustrate how future travel patterns could lead to different health consequences in the city. METHODS: We evaluated […]

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Health and greenhouse gas mitigation benefits of ambitious expansion of cycling, walking, and transit in California

Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J Linesch, James Woodcock Journal of Transport & Health, doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.04.011 Abstract The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of […]

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The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease

Mytton OT, Tainio M, Ogilvie D, Panter J, Cobiac L, Woodcock J. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0235-1. Abstract Physical activity can affect ‘need’ for healthcare both by reducing the incidence rate of some diseases and by increasing longevity (increasing the time lived at older ages when disease incidence is higher). However, it […]

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