Senior Research Associate (Health Impact Assessment)
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/MarkoTainio
- Telephone: (+44)-1223-746887
UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR)
MRC Epidemiology Unit
University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine
Box 285 Institute of Metabolic Science
Cambridge Biomedical Campus
Cambridge, CB2 0QQ
Research area and background
Marko Tainio studies the linkage between public health policies and public health using Health Impact Assessment (HIA) modelling. Since joining the CEDAR/MRC Epidemiology Unit in autumn 2013 he has focused on active transport (walking, cycling) and how increases in cycling and walking will impact health when physical activity, air pollution and injury risks are combined. This research has included for example updating of the Integrated Transport and Health Impact Modelling Tool (ITHIM), developed originally by Dr James Woodcock. Earlier Marko has studied health effects of air pollution (especially fine particulate matter, PM2.5) and other environmental health factors. In coming years the focus will be on developing HIA methods for physical activity & diet.
Before joining CEDAR Marko was Assistant Professor in the Systems Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland (2009-2013) and researcher in the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Finland (2002-2011). In summer 2006 he participated Young Scientist Summer Program (YSSP) on the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria (2006). During his studies he was an exchange student in the Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
Health Impact Assessment, Public Health Modelling, Integrated assessment, System Analysis, Monte-Carlo simulation, Intake fraction (iF), Risk Assessment, Risk Analysis, Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA), Life-Table, Multistate Life Table (MSLT), Disability-adjusted life-years (DALY), Elicitation of expert opinion.
Air pollution (fine particulate matter, PM2.5), physical activity, sedentary behaviour, diet, traffic injuries, noise,
Docent (Environmental Health Impact Assessment, University of Eastern Finland, Finland), PhD (Environmental Health, University of Eastern Finland, Finland), MSc (Environmental Science, University of Eastern Finland, Finland).
- “All models are wrong but some are useful.” According to Wikipedia first published by George Box in his 1976 paper in the Journal of the American Statistical Association.
- “An approximate answer to the right question is worth a great deal more than a precise answer to the wrong question.” John Tukey. First (?) published in The future of data analysis article.
Selected key publications (from newest to oldest):
- Tainio M, Monsivais P, Jones NRV, Brand C, Woodcock J. (2017). Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study. BMJ Open 2017; 7:e014199. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014199.
- Mytton OT, Tainio M, Ogilvie D, Panter J, Cobiac L, Woodcock J. (2017). The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease. European Journal of Epidemiology 2017 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0235-1.
- Tainio M, de Nazelle AJ, Götschi T, Kahlmeier S, Rojas-Rueda D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, de Sá TH, Kelly P, Woodcock J. (2016). Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking? Preventive Medicine.
- Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Andersen Z.J., Braun- Fahrländer C., Bruha J., Bruhova-Foltynova H., Desqueyroux H., Praznoczy C., Ragettli S.M., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2016). Health impacts of active transportation in Europe. Plos one 11(3): 1-14.
- Tainio M. (2015). Burden of disease caused by local transport in Warsaw, Poland. Journal of Transport & Health.
- Götschi T., Tainio M., Maizlish N., Schwanen T., Goodman A., Woodcock J. (2015). Contrasts in active transport behaviour across four countries: How do they translate into public health benefits? Preventive Medicine 74: 42–48.
- Tainio M., Olkowicz D., Teresiński G., de Nazelle A., Nieuwenhuijsen M.J. (2014). Severity of injuries in different modes of transport, expressed with disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). BMC Public Health 14: 765.
- Woodcock J., Tainio M., Cheshire J., O’Brien O., Goodman A. (submitted). Modelled health impacts of the London bicycle sharing system. British Medical Journal 348:g425.
- Tainio M., Juda-Rezler K., Reizer M., Warchałowski A., Trapp W., Skotak K. (2013). Future climate and adverse health effects caused by fine particulate matter air pollution: Case study for Poland. Regional Environmental Change 13 (3): 705-715.
- Taimisto P., Tainio M., Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J., Tuomisto J.T. (2011). Evaluation of intake fractions for different subpopulations due to primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from domestic wood combustion and traffic in Finland. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 4 (3-4): 199-209.
- Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2011). The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study. British Medical Journal 343: d4521.
- Tainio M. Tuomisto J.T., Pekkanen J, Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Sofiev M., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J. (2010). Uncertainty in health risks due to anthropogenic primary fine particulate matter from different source types in Finland. Atmospheric Environment 44 (17): 2125-2132.
- Tainio M., Sofiev M., Hujo M., Tuomisto J.T., Loh M., Jantunen M.J., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Kukkonen J. (2009). Evaluation of the European population intake fractions for European and Finnish anthropogenic primary fine particulate matter emissions. Atmospheric Environment 43 (19): 3052-3059.
- Leino O, Tainio M., Tuomisto JT. (2008). Comparative risk analysis of dioxins in fish and fine particles from heavy-duty vehicles. Risk Analysis 28 (1):127-140.
- Tuomisto J.T., Wilson A., Evans J.S., Tainio M. (2008). Uncertainty in mortality response to airborne fine particulate matter: Combining European air pollution experts. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 93: 732–744.
- Tainio M., Tuomisto J.T., Hanninen O., Ruuskanen J., Jantunen M.J., Pekkanen J. (2007). Parameter and model uncertainty in a life-table model for fine particles (PM2.5): a statistical modeling study. Environmental Health 6 (24). http://www.ehjournal.net/content/6/1/24
- Tainio M., Tuomisto J.T., Hänninen O., Aarnio P., Jantunen M., Pekkanen J. (2005). Health effects caused by primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from busses in Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland. Risk Analysis 25 (1): 151-160.
- Tuomisto J.T., Tainio M. (2005). An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation. BMC Public Health 5:123. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/5/123
- Tuomisto J.T., Tuomisto J., Tainio M., Niittynen M., Verkasalo P., Vartiainen T., Kiviranta H., Pekkanen J. (2004). Risk-benefit analysis of eating farmed salmon. Science 305 (5683): 476-476.
Current and previous grants
- Environmental Health Effects of Local Transportation in Warsaw. Duration: 2012-2014. Role in the project: Principal investigator (personal grant). Funded by: Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland.
- Transportation, air pollution and physical activities; an integrated health risk assessment programme of climate change and urban policies (TAPAS). Duration: 2009 – 2013. Role in the project: Coordinator of Warsaw work package. Funded by: Coca Cola Foundation.
- Integrated assessment of Health Risks of Environmental Stressors in Europe (INTARESE); Health and Environment Integrated Methodology and Toolbox for Scenario Assessment (HEIMTSA). Duration: 2005-2011. Role in the projects: Supporting investigator. Funded by: European Union.
- An integrated model for evaluating the emissions, atmospheric dispersion and risks caused by ambient air fine particulate matter (KOPRA); Health risks from nearby sources of fine particulate matter: domestic combustion and road traffic (PILTTI). Duration: 2002-2008. Role in the project: Principal investigator. Funded by: the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation, Ministry of the Environment, Finland.